Kalevi Aho


b. March 9, 1949 - Forssa, Finland

Finnish composer. Kalevi Aho, one of Finland's leading composers of today, was born in Forssa in southern Finland. He studied at the Sibelius Academy in Helsinki under Einojuhani Rautavaara and in West Berlin in Boris Blacher's composition class. In the years 1974-1988 he was a lecturer in musicology at Helsinki University; from 1988 until 1993 he was professor of composition at the Sibelius Academy and since the autumn of 1993 he has been a freelance composer.


Works



Chamber Symphony No. 3

Instrumentation: alto sax & string orchestra (20 strings)
Date: 1995
Timing: 30'
Publisher: Fennica Gehrman
Premiere: April 26, 1997 - Kokkola, Finland - John Edward Kelly (alto sax), Ostrobothnian Chamber Orchestra, Juha Kangas (conductor)
Other information: written for John-Edward Kelly. One of the sources of inspiration for this work was the melodic heterophony of Arabic music.


Concerto for Cello and Orchestra

Instrumentation: cello & symphonic orchestra [accordion, mandolin, alto sax, tuba, percussion / 2.2.3.2 / 2.2.1.0, baritone horn / organ, celesta / strings]
Date: 1983-84
Timing: 30'
Publisher:
Premiere: September 1, 1984 - Helsinki, Finland - Erkki Rautio (cello), Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra, Esa-Pekka Salonen (conductor)
Other information: Commissioned by the Helsinki Festival.


Concerto for Contrabassoon and Orchestra

Movements:
  1. Mesto
  2. Presto
  3. Misterioso
Instrumentation: contrabassoon & symphony orchestra [2.2.2.2, alto saxophone / 4.2, heckelphone, 3.0 / 11 percussion / piano, strings]
Date: 2004-2005
Timing: 38'
Publisher: Fennica Gehrman
Premiere: February 23, 2006 - Bergen, Norway – Lewis Lipnick (contrabassoon), Bergen Philharmonic Orchestra, Andew Litton (conductor)
Other information: Commissioned by Lewis Lipnick.


Ennen kuin me kaikki olemme hukkuneet

Instrumentation: opera in two acts: 9 singing roles: [mezzo-soprano, soprano, alto, tenor, 2 baritones, bass, 2 boys], symphony orchestra [1.1.2.2, 1 heckelphone, 1 alto saxophone / 2.1.1.1 / 11 percussion, strings (8-6-5-4-3)]
Date: 1995/1999
Timing: 2 hours 10 min.
Publisher:
Premiere: February 8, 2001 - Helsinki, Finland – Finnish National Opera, Janne Lehmusvuo (conductor)
Other information:
Libretto: The composer after the radio play by Juha Mannerkorpi (in Finnish; German translation by Dietrich Assmann and Kalevi Aho)
Commissioned by the Finnish National Opera.


Hyönteiselämää

An opera in two acts.
Instrumentation: Opera in two acts: vocal soloists, male choir, female choir, tape & orchestra [3.2.3.3, heckelphone, alto sax / 4.3.3.1, baritone horn / 2 percussion / strings]
Date: 1985-1987
Timing: 2 hours 15 min.
Publisher: Warner / Chappell Music
Premiere: September 27, 1996 - Helsinki, Finland – Finnish National Opera, Pertti Pekkanen (conductor)
Other information: (Insect Life; Aus dem Leben der Insekten)
Libretto by composer after the play by Karel and Josef Capek.
Tape music was made in 1996
Commissioned by the City of Savonlinna and the Savonlinna Opera Festival.


Kyynikon paratiisi (A Cynic's Paradise)

Instrumentation:
  • singer (tenor) & ensemble [oboe, baritone sax, horn, trumpet, percussion, piano, violin, viola, cello, double bass]
  • singer (tenor) & piano
Date: 1991
Timing: 5'
Publisher: Finnish Music Information Center
Premiere: April 30, 1991 - Tampere, Finland – Jussi Miilunpalo (singer), Ensemble of the Sumute Theatre, Pekka Haapasalo (conductor)
Other information: text: Esko-Pekka Tiitinen (in Finnish).


Quartet

Movements:
  1. [no tempo indicated]
  2. Presto
  3. [no tempo indicated]
Instrumentation: flute, alto sax, guitar & percussion
Date: 1982
Timing: 22'
Publisher: Finnish Music Information Center
Premiere: October 1, 1982 - Amsterdam, The Netherlands – Mikael Helasvuo (flute), Pekka Savijoki (alto sax), Jukka Savijoki (guitar), Pauli Hamalainen (percussion)
Other information:


Quintet

Instrumentation: alto sax, bassoon, viola, cello, double bass
Date: 1994
Timing: 35'
Publisher: Fennica Gehrman
Premiere: December 7 1994 - Lahti, Finland – Hannu Lehtonen (alto sax), Harri Ahmas (bassoon), Anu Airas (viola), Iikka Pälli (cello), Eero Munter (double bass)
Other information: Commissioned by the Lahti Chamber Music Society.

Symphony No. 5

Instrumentation: symphony orchestra [3.3.3.3, 2 sax / 6.4.3.1 / percussion / piano (celesta) / strings]
Date: 1975-76
Timing: 27'
Publisher:
Premiere: April 19 1977 - Helsinki, Finland – Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra, Okko Kamu (conductor)
Other information: Commissioned by the Finnish Broadcasting Company.


Symphony No. 7: Hyönteissinfonia (Insect Symphony)

Instrumentation: symphonic orchestra [3.3.3.3, alto sax / 4.3.3(+4).1, baritone horn / 2 percussion / strings]
Date: 1988
Timing: 45'
Publisher:
Premiere: October 26 1988 - Helsinki, Finland – Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra, Pertti Pekkanen (conductor)
Other information:

Symphony No. 9 (Sinfonia concertante No.2)

Instrumentation: solo trombone & symphonic orchestra [2.2.2.2, sax / 2.2.1.1, baritone horn / percussion / harpsichord, celesta / strings]
Date: 1993-1994
Timing: 32'
Publisher:
Premiere: September 2, 1994 - Helsinki, Finland – Christian Lindberg (trombone solo), Lahti Symphony Orchestra, Osmo Vanska (conductor)
Other information: Commissioned by the Helsinki Festival.


Symphony No.10

Instrumentation: symphonic orchestra [3.3.3.3, alto sax / 4.3.3.1, baritone horn / 12 percussion / strings]
Date: 1996
Timing: 47'
Publisher:
Premiere: February 6 1997 - Lahti, Finland – Lahti Symphony Orchestra, Osmo Vanska (conductor)
Other information: Dedicated to the composer's parents.


Symphony No. 13 "Sinfonisia luonnekuvia"

Instrumentation: symphony orchestra [piccolo, 2 flutes, 2 oboes, English horn, heckelphone, 2 clarinets, bass clarinet, alto saxophone, 2 bassoons, contrabassoon, 4 horns, 4 trumpets, 3 trombones, tuba, percussion (4 players), harp, piano + celesta, strings]
Date: 2003
Timing: 42'
Publisher:
Premiere: March 17, 2005 - Lahti, Finland – Lahti Symphony Orchestra, Osmo Vanska (conductor)
Other information: Commissioned by the Lahti Sibelius Hall (for its 5th anniversary).

Syvien vesien juhla (The Rejoicing of the Deep Waters)

Instrumentation: symphony orchestra [3.3.3.3 / 4.3.3.1 / 11 percussion / alto saxophone, strings]
Date: 1995
Timing: 11'
Publisher: Warner / Chappel Music
Premiere: November 1, 1995 - Lahti, Finland – Lahti Symphony Orchestra, Osmo Vanska (conductor)
Other information:

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